Islam online dating

Exchange ideas!

2010.12.01 23:39 AgentLiquid Exchange ideas!

A recovery and discussion subreddit for those who were once followers of Islam. All are welcome but if you're here because of your hate for Muslims as a people then this is NOT the subreddit for you.
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2015.01.15 21:17 Traditional Catholics: A place for Traditional Catholicism

Forum for those who believe all the Catholic Church teaches, prefers reverence at Mass, rejects modernist (heretical) morality and theology, prefers older Catholic literature (e.g. Baltimore Catechism).
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2020.11.23 14:04 bb4eggga am I wrong for ending things with my Fiancee?

Long story short; Got to know each other for 4 months, families involved, (was supposed to be married 4 months ago) everything about her felt perfect and you know how it is. I shouldn't have since we weren't sealed deal technically but I couldn't help already see her as my guaranteed future wife. I really liked that she was different from everyone before, She was super upbeat All the time, one of those bubbly personalities, way more extroverted than me, mad sense of humor. On top of this she wore hijab and prayed 5 times, really into her deen, attended classes etc. Ngl she sometimes came across as a bit too innocent and naive but In a good adorable way, most of the time used to we used to joking and laughing.
It all went down hill after I found an old social media account of hers one month before the nikkah (without going into the details of how for brevity) and basically it's all from a year ago at the time (long before I knew her). My heart dropped, I couldn't stop looking and didn't want to look at the same time. Clearly was different then, immodest clothes, no hijab, pics with white non-muslim bf, just a completely different person.
Not to judge but I was shocked. I'm talking about someone who I found was more religious than me and worried if I could keep up with her since she planned for both of us to do islamic online courses etc. I can't stress how night and day the person was. In hindsight I assumed she had never been in a haram relationship as I told her I'd never. But I guess looking back it wouldn't be so bad If I'd found out she was dating a muslim or something, but I think the complete lifestyle change is what shocked me we're both from the same conservative culture (pakistani) and have similar sort of families.
Craziest thing is her family sent her to uni as a practicing daughter they trusted and I don't think they ever knew she went through a "non muslim esque unislamic phase". Long story short, after speaking to her she was mad I looked into her past and adamant I did her wrong, very quickly it turns emotional, and she just told me she made mistakes and lost herself for a while before turning to deen. They way we talked calmly I don't think she expected things would change between us and gave the impression of relief that I knew everything about her. She's more knowledgeable so she did tell me she had a right not to tell me.
IDK if I was insecure or judgmental, I feel horrible just thinking about it but I told her I cant do it. Ended with her crying a lot and begging me to reconsider and hw much she loves me. It's not her fault but I couldn't get the pics of that white dude touching her up, his sleezy arms all around her, out of my head idk maybe that's on me. Maybe I'm selfish and insecure, because I felt I'd never be her first love there'd always be someone else who she adored or loved before me.
IDK, i've always felt guilt and pray Allah forgives me and grants her happiness. Sometimes I feel like I found this amazing person who loved me, came on the verge of marriage, and then I dropped her for something she had no control over. i can't forget how I bought this amazing person to tears and had her begging me not to leave as I walked away.
I guess in hindsight it's easy thinking like this, at the time I was hurting almost as if she had cheated. I think I hurted her pretty bad too, but I can't drop the feeling I made a horrible mistake, at one point I couldn't even sleep at night without having dreams of us getting back together. more I think about it the more it looks like I hurt her and am at fault, I keep thinking and don't understand how or why I ended things?
submitted by bb4eggga to MuslimMarriage [link] [comments]


2020.11.21 20:34 ARIX98 Physically abusive parents still scare me

My (22F) parents have always been very controlling and abusive. I come from an islamic strict family and community, so the punishment for dating as a woman is very extreme. Last time my mom found out that i was talking to a boy online, i was 17, she immediately went to my father even though i fell to her feet crying and begging her not to. In which i was badly beaten, went to school, despite my mom telling dad that they should keep me at home and marry me off, with scars and bruises that lasted months. That was for talking to a guy online, who never saw me or a picture of me, and doesn’t know my name. I was choked twice that day and i even involuntarily wetted myself while getting beaten.
I am now in the uk, studying. I have always been an atheist since 16 but i was closeted. And in my first two years i was still closeted until word got spread by the arabic community around me and my mom knew that i was dating again. They came to get me in the uk to set me straight. And i ran off to the police that took me to a homeless shelter. Due to that, i said to myself that if I’m in shit, i might as well go all the way, that i can be whoever i want, i have took off my hijab, and started wearing whatever i wanted and publicly doing whatever i want. I am not meant to contact them, the police advised not to. I do ignore mom’s calls and messages most of the times but i fear dad so much still. Even though i am protected in this country, i am very scared. I get shakey and internally conflicted. I feel guilty, for not being what they want me to be, and everytime they contact me to ask how i am, in which I usually delay answering, they guilt trip me for being “bitter” towards them and how they treated me in the past. They claim, since i am older, they aren’t going to beat me anymore. That i am exaggerating and overreacting for thinking that they would harm or kill me. They almost killed me for talking to a guy online, let alone full on dating and sleeping with men. Just hearing my neighbour abuse his partner that one day made my body shake and gave me a panic, I don’t think i can face my parents.
I don’t know how to deal with my parents at all. I don’t know if I should confront them, demand they they stop trying to contact me or block them. I cant help but feel like a bad daughter regardless of what i do, and if i complied and did what they want me to do, i will never forgive myself and would hate myself more. What would you in my situation?
submitted by ARIX98 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.11.14 09:46 11crackrocks Disapproved relationship on both ends of me and my partners family, what should i do?

Hi, i don't know if anyone's gonna take the time out of their day to read this but I've been dating a girl for three years who I've met online from a game I've played and it turned out she lived in pretty close to me and you know we were young at the time, about early 16's, but it got to this point where we're both older now and we've gotten this far and the love is unexplainable between us. My biggest issue is the fact that im christian and she is muslim and in this case neither of our parents approve of each other. To be specific she is palestinian and i am chaldean and the two sets of arabs don't get along well and have bad history. Her parents are still traumatized about an incident where her sister ran away while being engaged with someone (arranged) to be with someone that she wanted to be with, so her parents are just in no way going to keep an eye off their children in any way. I personally believe in science and religion at the same time but don't hold a deep respect to religion as my mom or dad would, so in turn this would make me scared to convert due to the idea of me being disgraced in my family. my girlfriend doesn't hold a deep respect to her religion almost the same way i do but just under islam i guess? that's the best way i can explain it but she would in no way convert. At this point in the relationship we came to a point where we both came to a realization that her and i are just not going to be fit for each other under these circumstances and within some time, would have to separate from eachother. Right now we are just enjoying the time we have left together until she is forced to choose a husband by her parents standards. I want to be the one to have her and vice versa but i don't know if this is in my grasp, should i drop it?
submitted by 11crackrocks to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.11.13 22:58 OhBoyWeGoAgain Is it common for Muslim girls to block you on online dating apps?

I never been a fan of online dating, but decided to use Hinge during this pandemic since restaurants, bars, social events etc are all locked down making it harder to meet people. I’m a decent looking guy overall. I look very Caucasian, nobody ever assumes I am middle eastern from first glance. I have a really Muslim sounding name though, but on Hinge I just use a nickname (that doesn’t sound Islamic). Girls only find out my real name if they add me on social media afterwards.
So for every girl, it seems to be a normal interaction. We talk on the app, we like each other, I get her number or Snapchat, and then eventually ask them out. Though I had 3 times where the girl just flat out blocks me, and they all been Muslim girls.
Usually it goes like this: I match with a girl, who has a name like “Fatima” or just looks very middle eastern. We talk on the app, everything is good, I don’t bring up religion or anything like that at all. Then we decided to add eachother on Snapchat. On Snapchat she sees my real name and probably assumes I come from a Muslim background. Then maybe the next day or so I’ll send her a snap, and all 3x, the girl will reply super dry for a couple messages or not at all, and then bam, I am no longer friends on Snapchat and she unmatched me from Hinge. 0 to 100 with no explanation.
This has never happened with any other girl on this app. All 3 times they were Muslim. Has this ever happened to anyone else? Maybe by seeing my Muslim name they feel guilty knowing dating is haram. Or they’re scared I might tell other Muslims about this girl. They never ask me about my views either. I decided Il just stick to talking with girls who don’t have any Islamic connection because I never had a white girl or something act like this but 3x it was with Muslims lol
submitted by OhBoyWeGoAgain to exmuslim [link] [comments]


2020.11.11 23:21 AC_CE Can someone help me build a roadmap to study Political Science?

Hi, I'm a computer science major with a passionate inclination towards the study of political science and international relations. I want to explore more by doing masters, for that I need to pass a written exam and interview. I have chosen the syllabus of a competitive exam, that almost covers the basics and other concepts in breadth, for studying for the test. I've researched a lot and my conclusion regarding self preparing is:
Unfortunately I can't study economics or law nor can I study the discipline in depth for astute analytical deductions.
I have to cover the syllabus given below and choose certain books from the recommended list(also given below) to help me prepare.
I would humbly request if someone can help me choose the most suitable books and any insight regarding the syllabus.
I. Western Political Thought:
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Mill, Bentham, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, Mao, Gramsci, Karl Popper, Pierre Bourdieu, John Rawls, Frances Fukuyama, Foucault, Derrida, Kierkegaard, Jean Paul Sartre, Rene Descartes.
II. Muslim Political Thought: Al-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Ibn Rushd, Imam Ghazali, Ibn Taymiyyah, Nizam-ul-MulkTusi, Ibn Khaldun, Shah Waliullah, Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Jamaluddin Afghni, Rashid Rida.
III. State System: The nature and emergence of modern nation-state system, Islamic concept of state and Ummah.
IV. Political Concept (Western and Islamic): Sovereignty, Justice, Law, Liberty, Freedom, Equality, Rights and Duties, Human Rights, Political Authority and Power.
V. Comparative Politics: Political Socialization, Political Culture, Political Development, Political Recruitment, Social Change, Civil Society, Violence and Terrorism in Politics, Gender and Politics, Women Empowerment.
VI. Political Participation: Political Change and Revolution, Elections, Electoral System, Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Lobbies.
VII. Political Institutions and Role of Government: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Political Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy.
VIII. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democratic, Dictatorship, Totalitarian/Authoritarian, Unitary, Federal, Confederation, Presidential and Parliamentary.
IX. Political Ideologies: Capitalism, Marxism, Communism, Socialism, Totalitarism, Fascims, Nationalism, Islamic Political Ideology
X. Local Self Government: Theory and practice of Local Self-Government with special reference to Pakistan, Comparative analyses of systems of local governance, Public Administration and Public Policy.
I. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems: Political System of U.S.A, U.K, France and Germany
II. Global and Regional Integration Globalization and Politics, Global Civil Society, Regional politico-economic integration and organizational structure of the European Union, SAARC, ECO, International Financial Regimes IMF and WTO.
III. Comparative and Analytical Study of the Political Systems: Political system of Turkey, Iran, Malaysia, India and China.
IV. Political Movements in India (Colonial Period): Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia and Pakistan Movement (with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah)
V. Government and Politics in Pakistan: Constitution making from 1947 -1956, A comparative and critical analysis of 1956, 1962, 1973 Constitutions of Pakistan, Constitutional Amendments up-to-date, Federal Structure in Pakistan, and Central-Provincial relations after 18th amendment, Political Culture of Pakistan, Political Developments and the Role of Civil and Military Bureaucracy, Judiciary, Feudalism, Dynastic Politics, Political Parties and Interest Groups, Elections and Voting Behavior, Religion and Politics, Ethnicity and National Integration.
VI. International Relations: History of International Relations: Post World War-II (WW-II) Period. Foreign Policy of Pakistan: National Interests and Major Determinants i-e 1). Size/Geography 2). Economic Development 3). Security 4). Advancement in Technology 5). National Capacity 6). Political Parties/Leadership 7). Ideology 8). National Interest 9). Role of Press/Bureaucracy 10). Social Structure 11). Public Opinion 12). Diplomacy. 13). Foreign Policy-making Process in Pakistan
Also External Factors like International Power Structure, International Organizations, World Public Opinion and Reaction of other States.
SUGGESTED READINGS
  1. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy, 1947-2005 Abdul Sattar,
  2. Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia Ayesha Jalal
  3. Military, Civil Society and Democratization in Pakistan Akbar Zaidi
  4. The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Allama Iqbal
  5. A history of Pakistan and its origins Christophe Jaffrelot,
  6. Greek Political Thought: Plato & Aristotle Eearnest Barker,
  7. Political Thought From Plato to Present Ebenstein
  8. Political Thought in Medieval Islam Erwin I.J. Rosenthal
  9. Constitutional Developments in Pakistan G.W.Choudhury,
  10. Comparative Politics Today: A Theoretical Framework Gabriel A. Almond, G.Bingham Powell,
  11. Contemporary Political Analysis Garles Worth James,
  12. A History of Political Theory George Holland Sabine
  13. Studies in Muslim Political Thought and Administration H K Sherwani,
  14. Modern Islamic Political Thought Hamid Enayat,
  15. Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan Hamid Khan,
  16. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace Hans J. Morgenthau,
  17. Military and Politics in Pakistan Hasan Askari Rizvi,
  18. Pakistan Foreign Policy: An Overview 1947-2004 (PILDAT) Hasan Askari Rizvi
  19. Pakistan and Geostrategic Environment: A Study of foreign Policy Hasan Askari Rizvi
  20. International Politics: A Framework for Analysis Holsti, K.J.
  21. Pakistan: A Modern History Lan Talbot,
  22. 21st Century Politica Science:A ReferenceHandbook
  23. Political Thought from Plato to Present
  24. The Political System of Pakistan,
  25. Pakistan: A Political Study
  26. Pakistan: An Enigma of Political Development
  27. Pakistan in the Twentieth Century
  28. Pakistan: At the Crosscurrent of History
  29. History of Muslim Philosophy
  30. History of Local Government in Pakistan
  31. Nationalism: The Nation-State and Nationalism
  32. Politics and the State in Pakistan
  33. Government and Politics in Pakistan
  34. Making of Pakistan
  35. Pattern of Government
  36. Political Thinkers: From Socrates to the Present
  37. Introduction to Political Science,
  38. Islamabad,National Book Foundation,
  39. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy : An Historical Analysis
  40. State & Society in Pakistan
  41. Islami Riyasat
  42. Khilafat O Malookeyat
  43. Ethno National Movements of Pakistan
  44. Politics, Parties and Pressure Groups
  45. Democratization in Pakistan
  46. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction
  47. History of Political Theories (Three Volumes)
  48. International Relations: Politics and Economy in the21st Century
And answer these questions: To what extent can I prepare in one year? How good can I become? Good enough to pursue a masters?
Thanks
submitted by AC_CE to PoliticalScience [link] [comments]


2020.11.11 13:30 readingrachelx Housewife highlights/Daily shit talk - November 11th, 2020

SALT LAKE CITY
'We're gonna bring something that viewers have never seen,' Jen dished.
The Salt Lake City locale serves as a unique twist to the Housewives universe as the capital of Utah is known to be the global headquarters of the Mormon church.
'The religion here, the dominant religion, which is Mormonism, is very ingrained into the actual culture,' Shah explained. 'Everybody needs to look their best and be their best.'
While Mormonism is the predominant religion in SLC, the cast will offer up more diverse backgrounds with Islamic, Jewish and Pentecostal religions represented.
'It's going to show the thread of religion - how it has influenced all of our lives in whichever way - and the direction we've all taken living here in Salt Lake City,' Jen revealed.
As for her own journey, the 46-year-old converted from Mormonism to Islam after learning of the historical mistreatment of black people in the Mormon religion.
Meanwhile, Jen is busier than ever as the CEO of three marketing companies and mom to two boys whom she shares with her husband Sharrieff.
This season Jen will find herself in quite a tangled web, clashing with one of her fellow cast-mates, Mary Cosby.
Mary has a complicated marriage - her husband was once married to her grandmother. There is no blood relation but, for a time, he was her step-grandfather.
Before the show began, Jen said that Mary had approached her in an attempt to explain the unconventional relationship.
'She's like, "Well, I married my grandfather, but it was because my grandmother put it in her will,"' Jen recollected. 'When she told me that, I honestly was kind of like, okay, whatever. I didn't know if it was like a religious thing, you know? And so at that point, I thought, well, okay, if you're cool, then I'm cool with you.'
Needless to say the co-stars won’t stay 'cool' in season one and the subject of Mary's husband becomes 'the elephant in the room'.
'Why are we not talking about this? This is weird,' the reality star mused. She added that her fellow Housewives seem to gloss over Mary’s love life.
'Why don't we address it?’ Jen questioned. ‘If the ladies are kind of like, "no, no, no, Mary’s…no she’s so great. She has a lot of Chanel [bags]." Okay, and she married her grandfather. Like, you just skipped right on over that.'
This season Jen and Mary’s friendship hits a rough patch but Jen insists that their beef has nothing to do with Mary's husband.
Without getting into specifics, the working mom hinted that there will be issues that arise between the two which she found both 'offensive' and 'disrespectful.'
Shah, who is of Tongan and Hawaiian decent, also makes history this season as the first Polynesian Housewife - a role she calls an 'honor.'
'I've had so many people reaching out from Tonga and Polynesia and New Zealand, Australia,' she gushed. 'There's a lot of people rooting for me. And it just it's an honor to be the first Polynesian housewife.'
The Real Housewives of Salt Lake City series premiere is Wednesday, November 11 at 10pm ET/PT on Bravo."
‘I think that what is already somewhat clear from the trailers is my husband [Seth Stock] and I are dealing with being empty nesters. We have had a bit of a volatile relationship for many years,’ Meredith said to Yahoo News. ‘When you’re empty nesters, it’s sort of a “do or die” situation. You have to finally say, OK, we can’t keep playing this game anymore and separating and reconciling for our children. We’ve got to figure out now, what’s really going to happen? What do we want? Do we want to be together for just ourselves now? Is it just about the kids? In which case, what’s the point of staying together?’
BEVERLY HILLS
"It’s still “Xxpensive” to be Erika Jayne.
The “RHOBH” star — whose legal name is Erika Girardi — is asking for spousal support in her divorce from mega-lawyer Thomas Girardi, per Los Angeles Superior Court documents obtained by Page Six on Tuesday.
Jayne also asked the court to terminate Girardi’s ability to seek support from her and for him to pay her attorney’s fees.
Jayne, 49, and Girardi, 81, married on Jan. 7, 2000, with the reality star filing for divorce on Nov. 3, citing irreconcilable differences. She did not list a separation date in her filing.
While the couple did not have a prenup, Jayne asked the court to let her keep everything she acquired before the marriage and after the separation date as separate property from Girardi.
Jayne and Girardi must provide their financial information to each other, per a court order.
They don’t have any children together, but Jayne has a grown son from a previous marriage.
It is unclear if their split will play out on the Bravo series, as Jayne is currently in production for the upcoming season.
A rep for Jayne had no comment."
"She’ll forever be associated with the Beverly Hills zip code, but don’t expect to see Tori Spelling on The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills. Spelling has shut down rumors that she was set to join the Bravo series’ 11th season alongside her mom, Candy Spelling.
“There's rumors every single season,” Spelling responded, sitting down with Beverly Hills, 90210 co-star Jennie Garth for an interview with ET’s Katie Krause. “I don't even know where they come from. I've always said I'm a huge fan. Jen knows I'm a huge fan. I watch all the Housewives -- I love it! It's my entertainment."
“We work hard, we mom hard and at the end of the night I'm like, ‘I'm putting on my Housewives,’” Spelling continued. “[But] no clue where [the rumor] came from.”
Spelling, 47, joked that even if she wished to join the show, Garth, 48, wouldn’t let her.
“It's not up to me!” Garth chimed in.
“We have so many projects that we want to do on camera and off camera,” Spelling explained. “We're really good producing partners as well, so we have so many exciting things lined up that I'll stick to being a viewer.”
Garth, too, won’t be considering the show, admitting it’s “not my jam.”
NEW YORK
“I really like dropping in on the show,” Heather told HollywoodLife EXCLUSIVELY during an episode of TVTalk on Instagram Live on Nov. 2. “Since I left, I’ve been back. I left [after Season 7], but I never really left. I always like to touch base with the ladies and [now there’s] all this intrigue about [my] big return.”
Although it’s confirmed she is returning, Heather was quick to set the record straight that it isn’t going to be in a full-time capacity. “No, I really can’t [return full time],” the Beyond Fresh Super Foods creator and host of the In My Heart podcast said. “I wish I could on one level, but on another level, I’ve got a lot going on which is great. I’ve got two teenagers. I’ve got two new businesses that I’ve started and listen, Housewives is a lot of work. I know it looks like and it is — We get followed around and we show off our lives, but really Housewives is — Especially New York and with some of the OG’s it’s slapstick. It’s comedy. I know it gets dark and it gets toxic. I don’t love that part of it. I love to talk about real issues and real important things and as long as I can lend to that on the show then I’ll always come back.”
Heather may have already filmed a few times for Season 13, but she says there might be more to come. “You might,” she told us when we asked if she’ll be filming again. ” If it works and it makes sense, then yes. I think this season we’re trying to figure out if there’s an opportunity for more. We’ll see.”
ATLANTA
"It's been a whirlwind year for The Real Housewives of Atlanta's Cynthia Bailey, who managed to plan an entire wedding and finally say "I do" to Mike Hill, all while keeping her various businesses afloat amid the coronavirus pandemic and filming a new season of the Bravo show.
Luckily, Cynthia stopped by Tuesday, Nov. 10's Daily Pop to dish on it all—including that incident from the RHOA season 13 first look!
"I cannot confirm nor deny anything that happened after Miss Bailey Hill went to bed," Cynthia joked, referring to the parts of her bachelorette party that are teased in the trailer and seemingly indicate some of her fellow housewives hooked up with a stripper.
"But clearly some things went down," Cynthia added.
Is she bothered, though?
Nope!
"These are grown women," Cynthia told E! co-hosts Justin Sylvester and Carissa Culiner. "They can do whatever they want to do with whoever they want to do it with. It is not my business. If they like it, I love it."
That doesn't mean she's not nervous to see her husband's reaction to the shenanigans, though!
"I can tell you one thing: that Kandi Burruss-Tucker can throw a party, honey," Cynthia said, reassuring Justin and Carissa that Mike's all caught up on what went down.
Plus, regardless of any chaos that ensued as a result of the party, none of that mattered when it came time for her to walk down the aisle.
The RHOA star revealed that her favorite part of the wedding was "hands down" her and Mike reading their vows to each other.
"He came with the most beautiful vows that he wrote," she said. "I pretty much just wrote down a couple of bullet points and just winged it. But I came from just such an honest place. It just ended up working out perfectly and I think for a lot of our guests that was their favorite moment as well."
Cynthia also gave advice to couples preparing to wed, encouraging them to take precautions to protect their guests from COVID-19.
"At the end of the day, you can't force the guests to get tested even if you encourage it; You can't force them to keep a mask on," she began. "However, just do your due diligence. For us, we had continuous updates throughout, leading up to the wedding. It was not a hostage situation where you had to come to this wedding."
On that note, there was one guest in particular who didn't show: NeNe Leakes.
The recent RHOA alum has publicly addressed why she didn't attend, in addition to shutting down rumors that she asked for $125,000 to do so.
"Listen, I'm very happy for her. I was with her when she took her first date out here in Atlanta with Mike Hill. I was there, I was the third wheel. I wish them nothing but happiness," NeNe said in an Instagram Story while seemingly teasing her new talk show The Read Session. "I'm in a different place in my life where I just didn't think going to her wedding was going to benefit me in any kind of way."
Cynthia gave her take on the matter on Daily Pop, explaining, "I really would have loved NeNe and Greg to come to the wedding."
"Although we're not in the best place right now, I want to believe that regardless of that, she is happy for me, and she is happy that I found Mike," Cynthia added, noting as NeNe did, that she was among the first of her friends to meet Mike. "And I really felt in my heart, it felt actually wrong not to extend the invite."
Cynthia continued, "Now whether she chose to come or not, that's completely up to her. But I felt like I wanted to invite my old friend to be a part of my special day. And I was completely fine with whatever she was fine with."
Thankfully, Cynthia left Daily Pop on a much more upbeat note: by expressing her excitement for the 2020 E! People's Choice Awards, where RHOA is competing for The Reality Show of 2020!
"Well, it means that we are very entertaining!" Cynthia responded when Justin asked what the nom means to her. "We should be nominated! Season 13 will not be a disappointment. I'm incredibly proud to be part of the ensemble cast; to bring you guys this good entertainment and share our lives with you."
She continued, "I've been doing this for, what...This is my 12th season at this point! I can't keep up because I have been here so long...I am proud to be a part of this group of women who keep you guys so entertained."
NEW JERSEY
ORANGE COUNTY
POTOMAC
"The Real Housewives of Potomac ladies have heard a little bit about Gizelle Bryant's relationship with her ex-husband, Jamal Bryant, this season, but they have yet to actually see the couple together in person. So, Karen Huger decided to use their girls' trip to Portugal, which kicked off in the November 8 episode of RHOP, as an opportunity to confront Gizelle about why she never brings Jamal, who lives in Atlanta, around their friend group.
Karen explained during The Real Housewives of Potomac Season 5 After Show that she was genuinely concerned for Gizelle, even if they are not always on the best terms.
"Let's be clear: Gizelle and I, we are hot and cold all the time, that's how our relationship has been. But at the end of the day, I want to see Gizelle win. And so, when a man does not show up in your community on your arm, I mean, what does that say? Why is he not here for you? Why do we not see him?" Karen shared. "It may have been difficult for her to receive, but I was coming from a good place. She deserves, honestly, every woman deserves the absolute best man. If he doesn't treat her well or is ashamed to be in public with her, is he proud of you? Why isn't he adorning your arm around your friends and family in Potomac? That was a simple question, and it struck a chord with her."
RHOP executive producer Kemar Bassaragh said in the After Show that Gizelle's decision to not have Jamal around the other women was actually "kind of smart."
"Well, this is something I've said to Gizelle to her face, so I don't mind saying it here: If you were Gizelle, who has things to say about everyone's relationship, would you now bring your partner around everyone for everyone to have the same comments about him?" he said. "But I get where the other women are coming from is like, 'Oh, now you are in a relationship, now you're with someone, now you don't want us to have an opinion about them? How is that fair?'"
Ashley Darby noted in the After Show that she was especially surprised to hear someone like Gizelle's close friend Robyn Dixon hasn't even met Jamal.
"I was really taken aback by knowing that nobody else had really seen Jamal. I'm not that close to Gizelle, but Robyn, who is her best friend, why would she not spend time around Gizelle's now-boyfriend?" Ashley said. "That just seems like Gizelle is hiding her relationship a little bit and doing so because she knows she has thrown a lot of daggers at other people. And so, she's being a little bit more guarded about what she says and who she introduces because, you know, it's like a boomerang; that thing always comes right back."
Robyn surprised the rest of the group when she echoed Karen's sentiment about Jamal during that first dinner in Portugal. "I totally understood where Karen was coming from because it is something you observe as a group. We all see each other's spouses or partners at some point. And I also know when you don't see our spouses, everyone wants to know, 'Where are they? Where are they?' Expecting them to come," Robyn said in the After Show. "So, it's a valid question for sure, but sometimes I feel like coming from Karen it did not feel sincere. I doubled down on it or I backed it up, but it was more coming from a sincere place than Karen, where I felt she was being a little messy."
Karen seemed pretty thrilled about Robyn backing up her in that moment during her appearance on the Watch What Happens Live with Andy Cohen After Show on November 8. "Robyn is supposed to be Gizelle's ride or die, but I had to lean back and let her have that moment because that was priceless when Robyn held Gizelle accountable," Karen said. "The world needed to witness that, Andy [Cohen]."
When Karen brought the topic of Jamal up again toward the end of the November 8 episode of RHOP, Gizelle memorably got him on FaceTime to say hello to all of the ladies while they were out to lunch in Portugal. However, that didn't prove anything to Karen. "Gizelle was deflecting when she picked up the phone and tried to prove that Jamal is in her life by FaceTiming him, which didn't work for me because the man lives in the phone," Karen said on WWHL (clip below). "He's been living in the phone for a year."
Karen also confirmed on WWHL that she has "spent absolutely no time" with Jamal and shared her hopes for Gizelle to be more forthcoming with her relationship in the future. "Gizelle certainly became extremely defensive at all of us, all of us girlfriends, we were like, 'Why is she so defensive about Jamal when we ask her about Jamal?'" Karen said. "So all we would like her to do is put down her defense and open up a little bit about her private life. Jamal seemingly is her man. We share our man, share your man."
But it sounds like Gizelle has no plans to introduce Jamal to Karen anytime soon. "I don't want to bring him around people that don't support me, don't love me, and that are truly not wanting the best for me. I know Robyn loves me and wants the best for me. So people like that, I don't have any problems with Jamal being around them," Gizelle said. "But Karen? Karen can kick rocks. She probably will never see Jamal."
submitted by readingrachelx to RHDiscussion [link] [comments]


2020.11.09 04:10 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 44]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 8 Nov 7 Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 8 Nov 7 Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.08 02:17 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 43]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 8 Nov 7 Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 8 Nov 7 Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.07 20:30 _call-me-al_ [Sat, Nov 07 2020] TL;DR — This is what you missed in the last 24 hours on Reddit

worldnews

UAE announces relaxing of Islamic laws for personal freedoms - The United Arab Emirates announced on Saturday a major overhaul of the country’s Islamic personal laws, allowing unmarried couples to cohabitate, loosening alcohol restrictions and criminalizing so-called “honor killings.”
Comments Link
Some 3,000 Tanzanian girls have escaped female genital mutilation (FGM) in five years after using a volunteer-created mapping project
Comments Link
Scotland becomes first part of UK to make smacking children illegal
Comments Link

news

Joe Biden elected president of the United States
Comments Link
Trump’s Chief of Staff, Mark Meadows, Infected By Coronavirus
Comments Link
Steve Bannon Loses Lawyer After Suggesting Beheading of Fauci
Comments Link

science

State-mandated stay-at-home orders and public mask mandates coupled with case investigations with contact tracing contributed to an 82% reduction in COVID-19 incidence, 88% reduction in hospitalizations, and 100% reduction in mortality in Delaware during late April–June.
Comments Link
Declining Snow Cover in U.S. Northeast Will Have Major Impacts on Rivers. New research indicates that snow cover across the U.S. Northeast is declining as a result of climate change, and that by 2100 as much as 59 percent of the region will not accumulate any snow
Comments Link
A patient who could not move and talk spontaneously for 8 years started to do so again after being administered a sleeping pill. The spectacular but temporary effect was visualized with brain scans, giving researchers a better understanding of this disorder's underlying neurophysiological processes.
Comments Link

space

The Space Review: US space missions require bipartisan support for optimal long-term success
Comments Link
Crew of the ISS playing music together.
Comments Link
Virgin Galactic says each spaceport it launches from is a $1 billion annual revenue opportunity
Comments Link

Futurology

A Guaranteed Monthly Check Changed His Life. Now He Sends Out 650 - Michael Bohmeyer’s website, “My Basic Income,” has given randomly selected people almost $1,200 a month for a year to see if it improves their lives. His answer: Yes.
Comments Link
China Sends World’s First 6G Test Satellite Into Orbit. The technology is expected to be over 100 times faster than 5G, enabling lossless transmission in space to achieve long-distance communications with a smaller power output
Comments Link
Japanese researchers turn cockroaches into an army of insect cyborgs named "Calmbots". Taking advantage of the insect's impressive durability and small size, Calmbots are controlled by electrical stimulation to display pixels, transport objects, and draw lines.
Comments Link

AskReddit

You go to sleep on the 31st of December 2020 and wake up the next day but when you check your phone, it says January 1st 2020, after the first couple of days you realize it's just like groundhog day, what do you do with the information you have about 2020?
Comments Link
What food should someone try if they visit your country?
Comments Link
How’d you decide your username?
Comments Link

todayilearned

TIL that the founder of Old Bay seafood seasoning founded his own company after being fired by McCormick after two days on the job after they found out he was Jewish
Comments Link
TIL: J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis both once went to a party dressed as polar bears. It was not a fancy dress party
Comments Link
TIL the company that produces the Jenga game initially wanted to change its name to "Timber!" or "Tumbling". This is because it didn't indicate how the game was played and people wouldn't know what it meant. The original creator refused because she thought the name would gain meaning later on.
Comments Link

dataisbeautiful

[OC] The yellow states in the map below are the states in which it is legal to own a RACCOON.
Comments Link
Los Angeles County is more populated than 914 other US counties combined, selected to maximize land surface, a remix of stepdoe's post [OC]
Comments Link
[OC] Canada's population vs America's population.
Comments Link

Cooking

TIL: There's an online archive of over 10,000 vintage cookbooks, free for the browsing!
Comments Link
How to reignite a budding passion for cooking? I’ve recently become gluten and dairy free due to an autoimmune condition, and it’s killing my desire to learn due to frustration and cost. Going through GF DF diet blues.
Comments Link
Anyone have a recipe for a hot milk drink?
Comments Link

food

[I ate] a taco box
Comments Link
[Homemade] Dolsot Bibimbap
Comments Link
[I Ate] Plain cheese pizza
Comments Link

movies

A.I ( artificial intelligence) is a goddamn depressing and hopeless movie
Comments Link
‘Jurassic World: Dominion’ Wraps Unprecedented Shoot After 18 Months, 40,000 COVID Tests & Millions On Protocols; Colin Trevorrow & Donna Langley On The Emotional Journey
Comments Link
Warner Bros releasing special poster artwork edition Blu-rays of sci-fi films including 2001, THX-1138, Blade Runner, Mad Max Fury Road, The Matrix, and Inception
Comments Link

Art

Taking a Break, Iqnatius Budi, digital, 2015
Comments Link
Giraffe, Me, Digital, 2020
Comments Link
Braids, Me, Digital, 2020
Comments Link

television

Stephen Colbert throws out monologue, gets visibly choked up over Trump trying to 'poison American democracy'
Comments Link
'Jeopardy' contestant tearfully tells Alex Trebek his impact on him growing up
Comments Link
‘What We Do in the Shadows’ Season 3 Set To Start Production in January 2021
Comments Link

pics

Tomorrow is day 1
Comments Link
I’m 15, and I’ve been self-aware of my hand my whole life. Well, today I’m saying fuck it.
Comments Link
That was quick. Spotted outside my window in DC.
Comments Link

gifs

Elderly man overjoyed to meet great grand child, and forgets about his own pain.....
Comments Link
Just a little mental floss
Comments Link
Unlike other Gorillas, Shabani enjoys the rain a lot. Here he is out in a thunderstorm, looking like a badass
Comments Link

educationalgifs

How the epiglottis works while swallowing, preventing food and drink from going to lungs
Comments Link
How face develops in the womb
Comments Link

mildlyinteresting

At my local supermarket, the price of rum goes up as the naval ranking goes down.
Comments Link
My mom has a Mark Twain novel written under his real name
Comments Link
New house has a drawer that goes around the sink.
Comments Link

interestingasfuck

I stayed up until 4am to capture this! HDR Waning Moon - Composite Image
Comments Link
Underwater sunset :D
Comments Link
The artist Simon Berger made this portrait by shattering glass
Comments Link

funny

Our house has 10 rooms...
Comments Link
Missing Masks
Comments Link
The Perfect Kitty
Comments Link

aww

frog wearing a frog hat
Comments Link
Rare photo of mother Wrench feeding her new hatchlings in the wild. Breathtaking.
Comments Link
He has a large catio but loves to squeeze himself into this tiny (netted) window ledge.
Comments Link

Random Subreddit of the day: StonerEngineering

These are its 3 top posts of all time:
You all asked for the blunt passer in action...
Comments Link
Stoner engineering at its finest
Comments Link
Coin pipe. It's like a apple pipe but need few more steps and equipment :)
Comments Link
submitted by _call-me-al_ to RedditTLDR [link] [comments]


2020.11.07 03:16 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 42]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 7 Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.06 02:47 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 41]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 6 Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 5 Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.05 04:58 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 40]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.04 13:25 Othersideofthemirror ExMuslim safety and anonymity

Posting this again due to some recent posts.
I have this sticked on /ExMuslimSafety
I thought it would a good idea to have a thread where people share advice on how to remain safe, and how to remain anonymous.
This is my perspective, I have never lived as an ex-Muslim in a Muslim country, I don't how ex-Muslims are perceived in your own country, nor know how vocal, ex-Muslim activists are seen either, so how much anonymity you choose to keep depends on where you live. I know that in the UK I am safer than many of you but I follow most of this advice myself to keep my family back home safe.
Personal safety whilst online.
Nov 2020 UPDATE: DO NOT LEAVE YOURSELF LOGGED INTO REDDIT. USE INCOGNITO MODE AND LOG IN EACH TIME. YOUR PARENTS AND FAMILY CAN READ YOUR PHONE AND LAPTOP. ONE MINUTE OF INCONVIENCE CAN SAVE YOU A LIFETIME OF SUFFERING
People are very clever at finding the real person behind an online identity, and anyone familiar with doxing will know how it works.
Doxing is when someone releases the name, addresses, phones numbers and friends/family details of someone who is anonymous.
They piece together bits from forums, social media, photos, tags, geotags and anything else they can get, and in the end it's not that difficult to find a real name and address. This includes sharing personal information with other ex-Muslims online. Anyone can claim to be an ex-Muslim.
The ToVPN bit is important. Every time you go online you can be identified by a unique IP address. This IP address and your location is stored on logs on blog sites, social media sites, forums and websites.
Some countries, especially authoritarian/Islamic countries actively monitor internet use.
Police, authorities and of course security agencies can obtain this IP address in certain circumstances, and working with your ISP or carrier, know exactly who you are. You can hide your IP address by using a proxy or VPN. This will defeat basic lookups.
I mention the extremist sites as they are monitored by security services, they don't care you are an ex-Muslim, you will be tagged as an extremist and may have problems with banking and travel.
Avoid official Twitter client on Android as that will expose MEID (unique identifier on your mobile phone) and possibly more.
Coming out as an ex-Muslim.
We have seen on /exMuslim people who have been made homeless, including in the US and UK, and at a very young age, some are minors. Its often the younger of us most at risk, and those most likely to come out. I don't want to lecture but I am well into middle age, and know I made some rash decisions when I was a teenager and in my early twenties and urge people to think, and ask for advice from the community first.
ManuValls recommends "the FAQ on /atheism has a bit more detailed advice it sums it up as "The best place to come out to your parents is at a home you own, over a dinner that you paid for yourself"
I know that being an ex-Muslim is a matter to be passionate about, and its fundamental to life and lifestyle, but I think that dying for spiritual belief is very much a religious act and atheism isn't worth martyring yourself for.
A summary of local apostasy laws can be found here. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apostasy_in_Islam
The Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain have an in-depth technical guide here called "Covering Your Internet Tracks"
An extra note for Saudi users:
Amnesty International reported on additional issues you face
Far-reaching online surveillance and censorship
“Censorship is at its maximum, especially after passing the Terrorism Law. (Atheists are regarded as terrorists) A poet was arrested as a result of a single tweet which indirectly criticized King Abdullah using symbolic language. With millions of web users in Saudi Arabia, this means the authorities are keeping an eye on everything that’s being written. We have also received reports through international newspapers that Saudi Arabia uses surveillance to hack and monitor activists’ accounts.”
An extra comment on Government monitoring.
The British government is bringing in a law forcing ISPs to store logs of every single website that the public visit. Of course, visiting ex-Muslim websites isn't a problem for British people, but by bringing in this law, the British government provide an excuse for totalitarian countries to do the same. Please keep up to date with what your own country is doing.
submitted by Othersideofthemirror to exmuslim [link] [comments]


2020.11.04 04:22 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 39]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 4 Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 3 Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about?
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide, ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Nov 4 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 50 civilian killed, 148 wounded and 19000 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here.
  • Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.03 03:10 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 38]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 2 Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about? (updated Oct 24)
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide (23 Oct), ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Oct 24 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 40 civilian killed, 120 wounded and 13100 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here. Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.03 02:23 DieHermetischeGarage Podcast-PlayList vom Montag, 02.11.2020

Die gesamte Tages-PlayList
Tagestipps
Sendung Titel
ARD feature 'Es ist ein Privileg, den Kampf um Freiheit mitzuerleben' - Reporter Martin Durm im Gespräch (1)
BR Kalenderblatt 02.11.1868 Frauenlabor am Massachusetts Institut of Technology eröffnet (2)
BR Nachtstudio Friedrich Hölderlin - Der Dichter des Klimawandels (3)
SWR Zeitwort 2.11.1910: Claude Dornier wird Mitarbeiter der Zeppelin GmbH (4)
SWR Forum Die 'Barbaren' auf Netflix - Was wissen wir über die Varus-Schlacht? (5)
SWR Wissen Digitale Identität aller Menschen: Fortschritt oder totale Überwachung? (6)
WDR Hoerspiel Die 4 Leben des NeShawn Plummer (1/4): Kinderschicksal in NY (7)
WDR Hoerspiel Die 4 Leben des NeShawn Plummer (2/4): Überleben in Brooklyn (8)
WDR Hoerspiel Die 4 Leben des NeShawn Plummer (3/4): Der Vorsehung trotzen (9)
WDR Hoerspiel Die 4 Leben des NeShawn Plummer (4/4): Mord ist die Wirklichkeit (10)
WDR Zeitzeichen Goethe wird exhumiert (am 2.11.1970) (11)
News
Zeit Titel wo min
05:13 US-Präsidentschaftsahl: Trump oder Biden - Wen favorisiert Moskau (Laack, Stephan) DLF 3:52 ?
05:39 Brexit-Marathon: Ziel nicht in Sicht (Sina, Ralph) DRK 3:42 ?
06:50 Das Böse Wort 'Triage' - Wer oder was entscheidet über Leben und Tod? (Gelinsky, Katja) DRK 9:45 ?
07:20 Amerika unter Präsident Joe Biden (Dückers, Tanja) DRK 4:28 ?
07:40 Politologin zu US-Wahlkampf - 'Das Land ist aufgepeitscht' (Haase, Till) DLF 6:38
08:50 Buchkritik - heute erscheint der neue Volker Kutscher: 'Olympia' (Binal, Irene) DRK 7:53 ?
09:37 Im Angesicht des Terrors: Frankreichs neue, alte Laizitätsdebatte (Krause, Suzanne) DLF 10:56 ?
11:17 Folk Punk von Austin Lucas: Alive in the Hot Zone (Benzner, Knut) DRK 5:20 ?
11:32 Keith Jarrett - Budapest Live Konzert zum Ende der Karriere (Wegner, Matthias) DRK 8:56 ?
11:48 Das muss man gehört haben... oder auch nicht: Weltmusik (Hochweis, Olga) DRK 5:21 ?
12:10 Israel - Der Lockdown hat hier für niedrigere Fallzahlen gesorgt (Hammer, Benjamin; Orbach, Stefffi) DLF 5:42
12:20 Triage: Wie haben sich die Debatten aus dem Frühjahr verändert? (Jantschek, Thorsten) DRK 8:42 ?
12:25 Republikanische Strategie, Demokraten am Wählen zu hindern (Kößler, Thilo) DLF 3:57 ?
12:32 Zentral, dezentral oder online: Was macht einen Parteitag zu einem Parteitag? (Jantschek, Thorsten) DRK 5:41 ?
12:42 Angst vor Unruhen in den USA: Wie entladen sich die Emotionen nach der Wahl? (Jantschek, Thorsten) DRK 4:39 ?
12:43 Whistleblower Edward Snowden will russische Staatsbürgerschaft beantragen (Laack, Stephan) DLF 1:25 ?
12:49 Neutralität und Nüchternheit: Sind die medienstandards noch aktuell? (Jantschek, Thorsten) DRK 6:34 ?
14:08 TikTok als Marketingplattform für Musiker und Musikerinnen (Hänisch, Andreas) DRK 9:06 ?
14:20 Geräusch mit Spaß - Frieder Butzmanns Wunderschöne Rückkopplungen (Podcast) (Butzmann, Frieder) DRK 12:40 ?
15:05 Hip-Hop-Partei - Der Tänzer und Politiker Raphael Hildebrand (Podcast) (Smarzoch, Raphael; Unger, Kolja) DLF 6:02 ?
15:36 Tiefe Gräben in Frankreich: Die Satire, der Terror und die Rolle der Medien - Interview mit Jürgen König (Schmieding, Bettina) DLF 7:11 ?
15:46 Bespuckt und bedroht in den Niederlanden: Angriffe auf Journalisten nehmen zu (Schweighöfer, Kerstin) DLF 5:30 ?
16:09 Funkhauskonzert mit Anna Erhard (Erhard, Anna) DRK 7:58 ?
16:30 Chatbot-Date. Kälte-Allergie. Trump-Rallyes (Dahne, Aglaia) DLF 5:33
16:48 Krise der Kosmologie: Gravitationslinsen liefern abweichende Hubble-Konstante (Lorenzen, Dirk) DLF 5:21 ?
17:49 Echt oder Fake? Wie seriöse Wissenschaft von Unfug zu unterscheiden ist (Bengtsson, Luiza) DRK 6:49 ?
18:40 Raus aus der Grauzone - Die Diskussion um ein neues Embryonenschutzgesetz (Augustin, Birgit) DLF 18:46 ?
19:10 US-Wahlsystem - Es geht um mehr als um Trump (Lammert, Chrristian, Meschkat, Sonja) DLF 6:11
19:15 Thomas Ramge, Viktor Mayer-Schönberger - 'Machtmaschinen' (Kuhn, Johannes) DLF 7:20 ?
19:25 Oooh yeah: Warum Apps für Orgasmus-Training boomen (Meschkat, Sonja) DLF 5:41
19:30 Wien und der Tod - Metropole des Morbiden (Feature) (Stefan May) DRK 32:47 ?
19:30 Linda Scott - 'Das weibliche Kapital' (Gutzeit, Angela) DLF 6:40 ?
23:14 Merkel erklärt Corona-Politik (Gavrilis, Panajotis) DLF 4:07
23:17 Korrespondenten aus London, Rom, Paris: Überlebt die Kultur den Lockdown? (Wachs, Sabine;Heuer, Christine;Seisselberg, Jörg) DRK 12:56 ?
23:37 Referendum in Algerien: Zwei Drittel sagen Ja - geringe Wahlbeteiligung (Sadaqi, Dunja) DLF 1:04
23:46 CDU-Parteitag im Januar, doch viele Fragen bleiben (Detjen, Stephan) DLF 3:25
23:48 Zwischen Angst und Zuversicht. Diskussion über den Umgang mit Unsicherheiten (Behrendt, Barbara) DRK 5:22 ?
Infos
(#) Info
(1) Martin Durm hat insgesamt sechs Jahre in Kairo als ARD-Korrespondent für den Nahen Osten gearbeitet. Als er 2011 im Land ist, bricht die arabische Revolution aus und Durm ist mittendrin. Im Gespräch mit Sven Preger erzählt der Journalist, wie er den Arabischen Frühling erlebt hat, wie er als Berichterstatter nicht mehr erwünscht war und was ihn an Ägypten besonders fasziniert.
(2) Frauen und studieren? Unmöglich meinte man am MIT bis 1883. Dann kam Ellen Richards und setzte sich für die Gründung des Women's Laboratory ein.
(3) Friedrich Hölderlin lebte lange vor der Industrialisierung. Und trotzdem entdeckt der Schriftsteller Jan Snela in seinen Gedichten Spuren des Klimawandels - und die Hoffnung, wie wir uns wieder mit der Natur versöhnen können.
(4) "Mühelos erhob sich das große Boot aus dem Wasser in die Luft. Es war einer der größten Momente meines Lebens." Claude Dornier über das Wasserflugzeug Do X
(5) Rom gegen Germanien oder der Römer Varus gegen den Cherusker Arminius, am Ende der Sieg der germanischen Stämme über die römischen Legionen im Jahr 9 n.Chr. Die Netflix-Serie "Barbaren" setzt das Gemetzel im Teutoburger Wald neu in Szene. Aber was wissen wir wirklich von den Ereignissen vor 2000 Jahren? Gregor Papsch diskutiert mit Dr. Heidrun Derks - Museum und Park Kalkriese, Dr. Sascha Priester - Archäologe und Journalist, München, Prof. Dr. Reinhard Wolters - Althistoriker, Universität Wien
(6) 250 Millionen Kinder haben keine Geburtsurkunde, viele Flüchtlinge keine Papiere. Wie wäre es, wenn wir alle per Irisscan beweisen könnten, wer wir sind - weltweit? Pläne dazu gibt es schon. Von Thomas Kruchem. Manuskript zur Sendung: http://swr.li/digitale-identitaet
(7) •Doku-Fiction• Ein Junge wird erschossen. Zufällig ist er in die Schusslinie zweier Gangs geraten. Sein Bruder NeShawn muss das mit ansehen. Sie leben in einem Problemviertel in New York City. Sie sind schwarz. // Von Simone Hamm / Regie: Hannah Georgi / WDR 2020 / www.hoerspiel.wdr.de
(8) •Doku-Fiction• Was wäre, wenn der chancenlose Junge aus Brooklyn es schafft, auf eine gute Schule zu kommen? Was, wenn er zur Uni gehen könnte? Theoretisch könnte das dem schwarzen NeShawn gelingen, nachdem sein Bruder erschossen wurde. // Von Simone Hamm / Regie: Hannah Georgi / WDR 2020 / www.hoerspiel.wdr.de
(9) •Doku-Fiction• NeShawn steht neben seinem älteren Bruder, als der bei einer Gang-Schießerei in New York erschossen wird. Und das trotz der vielen vorsichtigen Verhaltensregeln, die Kindern im Brennpunkt eingetrichtert werden. Ausbrechen kann man nur mit Musik. // Von Simone Hamm / Regie: Hannah Georgi / WDR 2020 / www.hoerspiel.wdr.de
(10) •Doku-Fiction• Wenn das Umfeld deine Chancen definiert, kannst du dich auflehnen, mitspielen oder aufgeben. Was wird der junge NeShawn Plummer in Brooklyn tun? // Von Simone Hamm / Regie: Hannah Georgi / WDR 2020 / www.hoerspiel.wdr.de
(11) Am 2. November 1970 kamen sieben DDR-Wissenschaftler mit einem Handkarren, um ihn in einer Nacht- und Nebelaktion zu exhumieren. Denn für Goethes Gebeine war Gefahr unmittelbar in Verzug: Schimmel steckte ihm in den Knochen. Seit der Sarkophag am Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges geöffnet und nicht ordentlich verschlossen worden war, moderte die mumifizierte Leiche, von Pilz befallen, vor sich hin. Autor: Martin Herzog
submitted by DieHermetischeGarage to DasOhrIstDerWeg [link] [comments]


2020.11.02 23:27 PhotonInfinity PotMed: MMI Intensive

Worried about upcoming interviews? Don't know where to start or how to practice? PotMed and Imperial College Charity Week present our renowned MMI Intensive - the perfect course for you to learn how to ace medical school interviews, practice and get valuable individual feedback from current medical students!
Who is it for? Anyone looking to apply to study Medicine in the UK! Who are we? A team of medical students who operate on a “for students, by students” ethos; we’ve gone through the application process ourselves and know just how tough it is. When will it take place? Date: Sunday 8 November 2020 Time: 9am-4pm
THE DAY WILL INCLUDE :
Medical students from Imperial College London leading small group, interactive tutorials covering how to approach different types of interviews, including: - Tips for acing interviews - How to answer the common questions - Role plays - Ethical scenarios/ debates - Data interpretation - Personal statement questions The talks will be followed by MMI-style mock interviews with individual 1-to-1 feedback! Our supportive environment is designed to emulate the real thing as closely as possible to help you build confidence and stand out from the crowd. The best part is, all funds raised will be going to orphans and needy children across the world through Islamic Relief! This event will take place online via zoom. Tickets are £20, with 100% of our profits being donated towards Charity Week!
Ticket link: tinyurl.com/MMPotMed
submitted by PhotonInfinity to 6thForm [link] [comments]


2020.11.02 04:03 ModeratorsOfArmenia Turkey-Azerbaijan war against Artsakh [Day 37]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about? (updated Oct 24)
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide (23 Oct), ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Oct 24 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 40 civilian killed, 120 wounded and 13100 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here. Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.11.01 03:08 ModeratorsOfArmenia Azerbaijan-Turkey war against Artsakh [Day 36]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads => Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sept 30 Sept 29 Sept 28 Sept 27
David's daily wrap-ups => Nov 1 Oct 31 Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about? (updated Oct 24)
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide (23 Oct), ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Oct 24 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 40 civilian killed, 120 wounded and 13100 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here. Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.10.31 05:56 Lupinepublishers-PBS Lupine Publishers The Concept of Science in Islamic Civilization the Case Psychology and Behavior Sciences

Lupine Publishers The Concept of Science in Islamic Civilization the Case Psychology and Behavior Sciences
Lupine Publishers Scholarly Journal Of Psychology And Behavioral Sciences

https://preview.redd.it/v5u1pdt63dw51.jpg?width=166&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0b8e2319156dcd0e952ef5cb5e6b00bbbf3edf21
Abstract
Islamic civilization formed in context of behavioral changing and explaining human behavior in many medieval teachings led to emergence of behavioral science and psychology. Present study proved scientific approach of Islamic civilization to human behavioral research that it has illustrated concept of science in Islamic civilization. The capital of this change in behavior of nations is emergence of human phenomena called Prophet’s everyday life. Writing daily life has been common issue of world civilizations since ancient times. This religious phenomenon of Prophetic usage effected on attitude, hygiene which explained in various schools of religious psychology and social psychology, including Gestalt school. The writing of life style of Prophet led to establishment science in Islamic civilization entitled Knowledge of everyday life of Prophet because general phenomenon of character of Mohammad’s daily life is like a symphony that has organized behavior of Islamic societies for centuries. The subject of this science is perfect human behavior, which is intuitively understandable to human societies. And it can be considered starting point of knowledge of Islamic behaviorism in Middle Ages. Because this generality exists alongside any partial behavior of Prophet. Within framework of Aristotle’s book on the soul Philosophers produced theoretical foundations of Islamic psychology and behaviorism. Alpharabius, Avicenna on soul and its belonging to body and neuroscience of these communications and his research on human sensory perceptions and physical connection of soul and essential place of prophecy in its completion. Islamic behavioral sciences refer to initiatives of Islamic societies.
Keywords: Psychology; Avicenna; Alpharabius; Lifestyle; Soul; Prophetic usage
Historical and Theoretical Introduction
The concept of science in civilization from Greek civilization to Islamic civilization Inductive study of the teachings is Aristotle’s initiative in the history of science. The way of thinking in Islamic civilization has been formed with a tendency towards Aristotle. The concept of science in Islamic civilization is the same as the concept of science in Greek civilization. It is on this basis that Aristotle was called the first human teacher in the history of science in ancient times due to his special tendency in the inductive division of sciences and knowledge. And Aristotelian philosophy has remained an active force in the method and concept of science to this day. Alpharabius was named the second teacher of science for sharing Aristotle’s method. His classification of sciences is based on Aristotle’s Book of Soul, which is first classic book on human behavior and it is theoretical basis of behavioral science in history of science.
Psychology and behavioral sciences in Islamic civilization
Behavioral Sciences, which deals with the nature of human individual and social behavior, began with Aristotle’s book of soul and Plato’s teachings about the soul and individual and social behavior of the citizen in the city. The classical form of defining the science of behavior and its place in the history of science is the product of Islamic civilization and was presented by Farabi’s second teacher [1-5]. By combining Aristotle’s and Plato’s views on the soul, he has divided science into five categories. and fifth branch is science of behavior, which Farabi referred to as civil science. Explaining this branch of science, Farabi has spoken about the word soul, behavior, personality, society, the nature of behavior, and the end and purpose of behavior. In beginning of Islamic civilization, Razes and Avicenna wrote book in phycology with title spiritual medicine and Psychosomatics.
Following perfect man in Islam and Christianity in medieval
The most Common denominator of Islam and Christianity in medieval is the need to follow perfect man to achieve happiness. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, St. Augustine wrote a book on the city of God in the context of Plato’s philosophy of soul, criticizing the individual and social behavior of Roman societies towards the behavior of the perfect man. In middle of medieval, Farabi examined perfect and imperfect behavior of man and society. And in late Middle Ages, Averroes criticized the individual and civil behavior of man in the context of Aristotle’s philosophy. He explained science of Islamic behavior on the basis of Aristotelian rationalism. At the same time, Emperor of Germany Frederick II called on Christian, Islamic, and Jewish scholars in the Mediterranean to test the nature of the human soul on the basis of Ibn Sina’s knowledge of the soul, and to ask scientists about the nature of the human soul. What is the reason for this emperor’s scientific actions, which was his apparent behavior in clothing and food and many other customs in accordance with the culture and behavior of Muslims and had several Islamic teachers and counselors, about soul -knowledge?
Anthropology, ethnology in Islamic civilization, behavior people of capitals
One of the most important branches of behavioral science is anthropology, which has been left and produced in classical texts of the Middle Ages. An anthropological leader in the Middle Ages, he traveled to India to learn about behavior and anthropology. According to historians, science is a pioneer in behaviorism of Indian people (Sarton, In medieval literature and history there are texts that are the written legacy of Islamic civilization on the behaviors of individuals and nations. At the forefront is the travelogue of Shiite scholar [6]. He traveled to India in the tenth century to report on the behavior of the India people, An external book on the behavior of the Indian people in 1910 was translated into English by Zakhao with title: Albiruni’s India and Al-Biruni’s encyclopedic work on India [7-10]. Several Islamic travelogues have described the behavior of European peoples and societies in the Middle Ages .as Reporting and Ibn Khaldun, whom European orientalists have called him Montesquieu the Arab. he is the founder of the science of historical sociology. he has examined the socialpolitical behavior of heads of state and communities. His study is a kind of social psychology and is based on understanding human emotions .he has considered the kind of human feeling that can be studied simultaneously in the sciences of behavior, political science, ethics, and history as the driving force behind individual behaviors and community behaviors. he has written articles on sciences of soul and Islamic psychology, his theories on social dilemma and human behavioral education have been compared to those of contemporary psychologists, He has explored human thought and learned from the empirical reason for acquiring knowledge. his views of man are similar to Martin E. P. “Marty” Seligman in Positive Psychology.
Historical value and content accuracy of teachings known as Islamic medicine
Titles as Islamic medicine, health, psychology, means set of teachings that Islamic societies have prepared and attributed to some of the great men of Islam. Including Imam Sadegh’s medicine, Imam Reza’s medicine, the Prophet’s medicine, this attribution may be correct and may be rejected by experts in Islamic history and civilization, This issue is very similar in Islamic civilization and has been disputed for several centuries, and in the history of science and civilization of Christian and Jewish communities, the situation is similar. Is it possible to say that Islamic mathematics and medicine and psychology is opposite to Christian, Jewish and Jewish mathematics? Or that there is only mathematics in Islamic, Christian, Jewish, and Iranian societies.
In the present article, Islamic Health and Islamic Psychology refers to the collection of traditions and teachings and psychology courses that Islamic societies and Muslim people have researched, and the collection of innovative and physical services of Islamic societies to the history of health and behaviors sciences and psychology . And using title of Islamic behavior science and Islamic Psychology is a virtual application. As Ibn Khaldun, an expert on Islamic civilization in ninth century of AH and fourteenth century of AD, has denied existence of Islamic medicine in a critical statement. He said the prophet has no mission as health and medical orders but His mission has been to communicate jurisprudence, sharia, and the laws of religion. Therefore, reader of these studies and similar cases should always realize that he is researching in the context of historical knowledge.
Materials and Methods, Heritage Of Islamic Dating Material in Medieval
It was mentioned in introduction there is great legacy of Oriental and Western writings on behavior and character and lifestyle of Muhammad and his psychological saying , which are in Arabic, Persian, Latin, English , French , Indian , Chinese, and there are big flow of knowledge of Muhammad has become one of sources of science in world and Christian West begun extensive studies of knowledge of Muhammad five hundred years ago in eleventh century of Spain from Toledo but in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries it culminated [11], Italian prince wrote a book in forty volumes that examines evidence for forty years of Prophet’s behavior, The Biography of Muhammad: the Issue of the Sources, It is noteworthy that these historical materials related to Muhammad’s lifestyle came at the time were compiled that until the fourth century AH, the world witnessed a great urban movement based on the Prophet’s behavior in the urban development of Medina. Medina is the birthplace of the most civilized people in the Islamic world who have the behavior of an Islamic human being against the behavior of an ignorant human being .And the Prophet rejected ignorant behavior and replaced it with Islamic behavior [12-16].
Result, analyzing prophet’s behavior, observation in Mohammad style life
Behavioral science and psychology in Islamic philosophy One of the sciences that emerged in Islamic civilization is the science of psychology that scientifically examines the behavior, actions, and reactions of the human soul. the volume of Islamic teachings about the human soul and its behavior is modest that the Islamic civilization then became the most productive In Psychology and Ethics and Human Behavior that heretofore have been seen in the world. In this civilization it had been created unique results such as Avicenna an unparalleled man who co-founded the topic of sensory perception, which is a common theme of the behavioral sciences and cognitive sciences , In an empirical experiment, he proved the human soul, and several centuries after that, German Emperor Frederick II posed questions to his contemporary philosophers and sought to replicate and execute Avicenna’s experiment on the soul in Sicily al-Farabi who first examined the behavior of human societies. he separated individual behavior from social behavior and divided the types of behaviors into virtual cities and non-virtual societies. he is indeed a philosopher of societal behavior, he divided societies on the basis of human behavior to Ignorant cities and misguided communities.
One of the behaviors of misguided and ignorant societies is the struggle for survival over water, food, housing, clothing, and material necessities. Farabi has returned the root of society’s behavior to the innate, inherent of human being. This theory on the behavior of societies was repeated by seven centuries later [17]. he has identified the material cause of the struggle for survival with the inherent selfishness of man [18], the historical induction into the minds of philosophers before Farabi and after Hobbes and philosophers between the two, the analysis and explanation of the behavior of societies depends on a psychological theory of human nature, and the behavior of societies is subject to the self and psyche of human individuals. Societal behavior is a function of one’s self and psyche [19].
Monopoly of writing daily life to Muhammad, prophet of Islam by orientalis
The possibility of historiography of Muhammad’s complete lifestyle is a fact in field of orientalism and many orientalist have concluded that it is only possible to trace the Prophet’s daily lifestyle because only his body and grave are known, and there is a rich legacy of teachings on his behavior, interests, and tastes about food. , Clothing, socializingetc. There studied in his book behavior of Arab in two societies with two different life styles. “Muhammad in Mecca, Muhammad in Medina” examined Muhammad’s influence on behavior of two different societies and his change in behavior and attitudes has determined them. After Qur’an, which describes behavior man’s first book that wrote was book of Prophet’s behavior. The Prophet’s behavior writing is still prevalent among Islamic and non-Islamic scholars as in her book ,those are in his book La vie in his book Muhammad, His Life Based on the Earliest Sources, and watt in Mohammad in Meca and medina, F. E. Peters,in his book The Quest for Historical Muhammad, at the top of the teachings of Mohammad is a behavioral doctrine that is the main reason for his being a prophet.
The tradition of writing the Prophet’s behavior in Islamic civilization
In medieval literature and history there are texts that are the written legacy of Islamic civilization on the behaviors of individuals and nations. At the forefront is the travelogue of Shiite scholar. he traveled to India in the tenth century to report on the behavior of the India people, Several Islamic travelogues have described the behavior of European peoples and societies in the Middle Ages. as Reporting of They talked about the difference between the morals and the behavior of the people of the capital and the behavior of the people of the cities (Ibn Jubayr, Ibn Battuta and Ibn Khaldun, whom European orientalists have called him Montesquieu the Arab. he is the founder of the science of historical sociology.
He has examined the social-political behavior of heads of state and communities. His study is a kind of social psychology and is based on understanding human emotions .he has considered the kind of human feeling that can be studied simultaneously in the sciences of behavior, political science, ethics, and history as the driving force behind individual behaviors and community behaviors. he has written articles on sciences of soul and Islamic psychology, his theories on social dilemma and human behavioral education have been compared to those of contemporary psychologists, He has explored human thought and learned from the empirical reason for acquiring knowledge. his views of man are similar to Martin E. P. “Marty” Seligman in Positive Psychology.
Hygiene from prophet to averroes
There are in history of Islamic civilization in medieval The Prophet’s teachings on mental health and body and social behaviors culminated in five centuries by Ibn Rushd in his book in medicine “general in medicine“, (al-Koliyaat fi tab) “that is final version of Islamic medicine in medieval and and it was Ibn Rushd’s medical encyclopedia of medicine that studied in Europe until nineteenth century in Europe, which was called Colgate( Hunkke,….). It is dedicated to the evolution of the teachings of the Prophet. More than a hundred treatises on health and hygiene were written from the time of the Prophet to Ibn Rushd. These works begun with work of Prophet’s close successors such as who compiled in his book Islamic health education in the framework of the science of nutrition and medicine [20-24].
Divisions and Types of Hygiene in Prophet’s Hygiene and Health
The Prophet’s medical heritage shows that he drew the right pattern for a social and individual hygiene and person’s health behavior. The focus of his teachings is cleanliness and hygiene. In his teachings, he has introduced faith as a direct and dependent function of health and cleanliness. The Prophet’s instructions and rites in hygiene have been researched a lot so far. Among them is the book The First University and the Last Prophet in various issue of hygiene , behavior sciences , psychology in Islamic texts of medieval in forty volumes in the twentieth century, [11,25,26] The Prophet’s instructions for the protection of the body and the soul were collected after that, and so far it has been the main subject of research, and some, such as Ibn Khaldun, have looked at it critically and has discussed whether Prophet is obliged and present Shari’a and religion or whether he has issued health orders medical heritage left by the Prophet includes to heritage of body , soul, society , animals, trees, waters, clothes.
Some of these commands are as follows
a. Mental health: that the Prophet has many instructions about choosing the right color for belt shoes and all kinds of clothing. b. Hygiene of the body. c. The Prophet’s instructions on skin hygiene by choosing the right types of cotton yarn and the quality of clothing in terms of volume and materials. d. Prophet’s instructions about dairy products. e. 4-The Prophet’s instructions regarding food - in some cases, for example, he has mentioned sheep members for better quality nutrition. f. 6- The Prophet’s advice on the quality of drinking and eating etiquette. g. 7- Prophet’s instructions on walking etiquette h. 8- Prophet’s instructions about the properties of fruits i. 9- Prophet’s instructions on speaking etiquette. j. 10- Prophet’s instructions on marriage. k. 11-The instructions of the Prophet during the occurrence of diseases and epidemics such as cholera and plague
Discussion in Aristotelian Roots of Islamic Civilization in Behavioral Sciences
Islamic Paradigm of Aristotle’s Book on the Soul Aristotle is Funder of psychology by his book on the soul and many scholars introduced this book as a book on psychology but this book reached Europe through Arabic literature and Islamic and Iranian teachings, and it is an Islamic paradigm. Therefore the most important aspect of this research paper is originality of psychology in Islam civilization [27-30]. Because in appearance, main capital of Islamic civilization in production of Islamic psychology is Aristotle’s book on soul but in historical reality, Aristotle’s book on the soul has been critiqued and analyzed by Muslim scholars for about seven centuries, and new scientific perspectives on soul have been presented. After Aristotle’s book on soul, writing essays in soul based this book is one of the initiatives and achievements of behavioral sciences in Islamic civilization. Aristotle’s Treatise on the Soul was translated into Arabic in second half of the eighth century A D, A later Arabic translation of Aristotle book on soul into Arabic by Ishaq ibn made a translation into Arabic from Syriac. The Arabic versions show a complicated history of mutual influence. Avicenna and al-Farabi wrote independent writings on nature of human soul, study of soul in works of, then Ibn Rushd analyze process of soul and natural and perfect behavior of man in relation to behavior of perfect man. The Aristotelian paradigm of the soul is an Islamic paradigm that was formed by Muslims, led by Ibn Sina in the Middle Ages, and entered the field of Christian philosophy and Christian theology through Islamic theology. Encouragement of Frederick II the study of Islamic sciences including Aristotelian psychology, had been developed. This is one of obvious issues in the history of philosophy and humanity and literature of medieval [30-34].
Perfect man behavior, capital of psychology, attitude, behavior, emotion
Jesus and Muhammad are perfect man in systematic theology of Christian and Islam in medieval. Common denominator of selfstudy analyzed, explained, and accepted and understandable in psychology school of Gestalt and within framework of intuitive theories about social behavior. Our intuitive efforts to make scientific arguments about everyday life are fruitful, if intuitive understanding of behavior was validated by humans, and if intuitive theories about human behavior were not valid, our social interactions would be severely impaired.
Conclusion
The Prophet’s tradition is capital of human and social attitudes, and social psychologists consider attitude to be the symbol of three components: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral function. Attitudes help us to understand our surroundings and to express our values through function (and the function of self-defense. No on e has ever been able to find a better alternative to Muhammad’s lifestyle to determine human behavior, and all efforts have been in vain because one of essential purposes of Prophet’s behaviors and traditions is to provide a solid foundation for good human behavior. For centuries, some philosophers have tried, like, to find new ethics based on biology and other sciences.
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2020.10.31 04:11 ModeratorsOfArmenia Azerbaijan-Turkey war against Artsakh [Day 35]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads (day) => 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 (27 sept 2020)
David's daily wrap-ups => Oct 30 Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about? (updated Oct 24)
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide (23 Oct), ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Oct 24 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 40 civilian killed, 120 wounded and 13100 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here. Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
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2020.10.30 04:50 ModeratorsOfArmenia Azerbaijan-Turkey war against Artsakh [Day 34]

Armenia sub strives to be a quality source of up-to-date information and related developments
=> No justification, celebration or trivialisation of violence
=> No hate speech, personal attacks, trolling, low level or off-topic participation
=> Telegram channels are not official nor journalistic sources
=> When posting new info, include the link and relevant text
Donations
https://www.armeniafund.org <-- tax exempt for US citizens
https://himnadram.org/en
https://www.1000plus.am/en/payment
Previous Megathreads (day) => 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 (27 sept 2020)
David's daily wrap-ups => Oct 29 Oct 28 Oct 27 Oct 26 Oct 25 Oct 24 Oct 23 Oct 22 Oct 21 Oct 20 Oct 19 Oct 18 Oct 17 Oct 16 Oct 15 Oct 14 Oct 13 Oct 12 Oct 11 Oct 10 Oct 9 Oct 8 Oct 7 Oct 6 Oct 5 Oct 4 Oct 3 Oct 2 Oct 1 Sep 30 Sep 29 Sep 28 Sep 27
David's patreon
Media updates and wrap-ups => EVNReport OC-Media JAMNews
Official sources => ArmenianUnified Artsrun Hovhannisyan Shushan Stepanyan Nikol Pashinyan Razm info
Analysts and experts => Tom de Waal Laurence Broers Emil Sanamyan
What is all this about? (updated Oct 24)
  • On Sept 27 Azerbaijan with direct involvement of Turkey using its Jihadist mercenaries from Syria and elsewhere launched a devastating war against the de facto Nagorno Karabakh Republic in an attempt to resolve the lingering Karabakh conflict using extreme and remorseless violence despite the existing peace process while rejecting UN's calls to stop fighting and also rejecting UN's appeal for a global ceasefire due to the pandemic.
  • Independent organisations have raised alarms of genocide (23 Oct), ethnic cleansing and a humanitarian catastrophe for the sieged indigenous Armenian population of Nagorno Karabakh.
  • Azerbaijan has intentionally violated international law by severely damaging 130 cities and villages including the capital of Nagorno Karabakh Stepanakert using aerial bombings, drone attacks, precision missiles, smerch, semi-ballistic strikes and artillery means as well as usage of cluster bombs against civilian settlements causing half of the Armenian civilians to be forced to leave and the remaining to live in underground shelters.
  • As of Oct 24 Azerbaijan's concerted destruction against the ethnic Armenian civilians of Nagorno Karabakh has resulted in 40 civilian killed, 120 wounded and 13100 civilian infrastructure destroyed, including homes, apartments, hospitals, schools, civilian vehicles as well as key civilian infrastructure vital to the survival of the civilian population. The destruction includes cultural heritage manifested by the bombing of a 19th century Armenian church.
  • As of Oct 24, Armenian KIA amount to a thousand, making it higher per capita than the KIA of the Vietnam War.
  • Neither the maxim of "there is no military solution to the conflict" always repeated by the US, France, EU, NATO, among others, nor all the calls for an unconditional ceasefire and resumption of negotiations made by the UN, EU, NATO, France, Russia and the US, among others, nor the two humanitarian ceasefires brokered by Russia and France which were summarily violated by Azerbaijan with backing from Turkey, have persuaded the latter to halt the violence.
  • As of Oct 24, after all the devastation, heavy destruction of armour of both sides, and over 6000 killed personnel of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, Turkish-backed Jihadi mercenaries, and Turkish Armed Forces, as per the military leadership of Armenia, Azerbaijan is in control of some of the southern areas of the surrounding territories to the south and a small portion to the north east - all of them low lands.
What's up with Nagorno Karabakh?
  • Nagorno Karabakh has been an officially bordered self-governed autonomous region since 1923 which de facto became independent from the Soviet Union before Armenia and Azerbaijan gained their independence. Nagorno Karabakh has never been governed by the state of Azerbaijan and has never been under control of an independent Azerbaijan.
  • Nagorno Karabakh has had continuous majority indigenous Armenian presence since long before Azerbaijan became a state in 1918. Karabakh Armenians have their own culture, dialect, heritage and history going back millennia.
  • Nagorno Karabakh does not have the status of an occupied territory and it is not referred to as such by the international community, the UN, OSCE, third party experts, and all reputable international media. Nagorno Karabakh is considered by the international community as a break-away enclave where its Armenian indigenous population has agency with legal backing. Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast as was known during the USSR-era made several petitions to join Armenia, the last one backed by the European Parliament in 1988, culminating in an independence referendum.
  • The final status of Nagorno Karabakh is pending the UN-mandated OSCE settlement as also agreed to by Azerbaijan on the basis of the Helsinki Final Act of 1975 among other norms of international law. The UN-mandated OSCE led by the US, France and Russia, and backed by the UN, EU, NATO and Council of Europe, among others, non-optionally applies the principle of self-determination to Nagorno Karabakh.
  • There are four existing UN Security Council resolutions from 1993 which called for cease of hostilities and mandated the conflict to be settled under the OSCE framework, with the latter determining the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. These resolutions were triggered because of the capture of surrounding territories around Nagorno Karabakh by the Nagorno Karabakh forces during the final months of the Karabakh War in 1993. These resolutions do NOT recognise Nagorno Karabakh as occupied; do NOT demand withdrawals from Nagorno Karabakh; do NOT recognise Armenia as having occupied any territories; do NOT demand any withdrawals by Armenia from any territories - which is why there were no grounds for invoking Chapter VII either.
  • Same as above also applies to the only other existing non-binding 2008 UN General Assembly resolution which was rejected by the OSCE co-chairs (US, France and Russia) for attempting to bypass the UN-mandated OSCE framework to determine the final status of Nagorno Karabakh. The vast majority of UN member states abstained from voting in favour of this Azerbaijani-drafted unilateral resolution, and the vast majority of states which voted in favour were members of OIC and GUAM.
  • The ceasefire agreement of 1994 had three signatories: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh.
  • This is an authoritative map of Nagorno Karabakh with the surrounding territories with original place names courtesy of Thomas de Waal.
  • The Crisis Group's Karabakh Conflict Visual Explainer has a detailed timeline of the conflict.
  • The constitution of the de facto republic states that Nagorno Karabakh Republic and Artsakh Republic are synonymous, while not laying claim on the surrounding territories.
Is there a peace plan?
Is there a neutral narrative of the conflict?
  • UK-based Conciliation Resources helped Armenian and Azerbaijani journalists to jointly produce a neutral documentary where everything you see and hear is agreed by both parties, watch it online here. Tom de Waal's Black Garden book is considered to be a comprehensive and balanced work on the conflict.
I do not live in Armenia, how can I help?
Disclaimer: Borders are fluid in 5th generation wars. Fog of war exists. Official news is not independent news. Some sources of information are of unknown origin, such as Telegram channels often used to report events by users. There are independent journalists from reputable international media in Nagorno Karabakh.
submitted by ModeratorsOfArmenia to armenia [link] [comments]